Research in P4C provides evidence that it not only increases thinking and listening skills, but also skills of communication, self-esteem,
confidence, behaviour and engagement with learning across subject areas.
Traditionally, P4C has been classroom based in most of the 80 countries it is now practised, but it is increasingly used to make sense of
and deepen experiences in the outdoors, communities and other sectors of education.
A typical session includes a stimulus such as a story, photo, artefact or experience. Participants generate philosophical questions
and one is selected as the main focus of enquiry by the community. The enquiry is guided by a facilitator, whose role is crucial in encouraging thinking and dialogue that is collaborative, caring, critical and creative.
Further information about Philosophy for Children
Society for the Advancement of Philosophical Enquiry and Reflection in Education(SAPERE)
The International Council of Philosophical Inquiry with Children(ICPIC)